May 4, 2014 / 4 Iyyar 5774 / May the fourth be with you!
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May 5, 2014 / 5 Iyyar 5774
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- 1527 – Spanish and German troops sack Rome; some consider this the end of the Renaissance. 147 Swiss Guards, including their commander, die fighting the forces of Charles V in order to allow Pope Clement VII to escape into Castel Sant'Angelo.
- 1536 – The Siege of Cuzco commences, in which Incan forces attempt to retake the city of Cuzco from the Spanish.
- 1536 – King Henry VIII of England orders English-language Bibles be placed in every church.
- 1542 – Francis Xavier reaches Old Goa, the capital of Portuguese India at the time.
- 1659 – English Restoration: A faction of the British Army removes Richard Cromwell as Lord Protector of the Commonwealth and reinstalls theRump Parliament.
- 1682 – Louis XIV of France moves his court to the Palace of Versailles.
- 1757 – English poet Christopher Smart is admitted into St Luke's Hospital for Lunatics in London, beginning his six-year confinement to mental asylums.
- 1782 – Construction begins on the Grand Palace, the royal residence of the King of Siam in Bangkok, at the command of King Buddha Yodfa Chulaloke.
- 1801 – Captain Thomas Cochrane in the 14-gun HMS Speedy captures the 32-gun Spanish frigate El Gamo.
- 1835 – James Gordon Bennett, Sr. publishes the first issue of the New York Herald.
- 1840 – The Penny Black postage stamp becomes valid for use in the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland
- 1844 – The Glaciarium, the world's first mechanically frozen ice rink, opens.
- 1877 – Chief Crazy Horse of the Oglala Sioux surrenders to United States troops in Nebraska.
- 1882 – Thomas Henry Burke and Lord Frederick Cavendish are stabbed and killed during the Phoenix Park Murders in Dublin.
- 1882 – The United States Congress passes the Chinese Exclusion Act.
- 1889 – The Eiffel Tower is officially opened to the public at the Universal Exposition in Paris.
- 1910 – George V becomes King of the United Kingdom upon the death of his father, Edward VII.
- 1916 – 21 Lebanese nationalists executed in the Martyrs' Square, Beirut by Jamal Pasha, the Ottoman wāli.
- 1933 – The Deutsche Studentenschaft attacked Magnus Hirschfeld's Institut für Sexualwissenschaft, later burning many of its books.
- 1935 – New Deal: Executive Order 7034 creates the Works Progress Administration.
- 1937 – Hindenburg disaster: The German zeppelin Hindenburg catches fire and is destroyed within a minute while attempting to dock at Lakehurst, New Jersey. Thirty-six people are killed.
- 1940 – John Steinbeck is awarded the Pulitzer Prize for his novel The Grapes of Wrath.
- 1941 – At California's March Field, Bob Hope performs his first USO show.
- 1945 – World War II: Axis Sally delivers her last propaganda broadcast to Allied troops.
- 1945 – World War II: The Prague Offensive, the last major battle of the Eastern Front, begins.
- 1949 – EDSAC, the first practical electronic digital stored-program computer, runs its first operation.
- 1954 – Roger Bannister becomes the first person to run the mile in under four minutes.
- 1960 – More than 20 million viewers watch the first televised royal wedding when Princess Margaret marries Anthony Armstrong-Jones at Westminster Abbey.
- 1972 – Deniz Gezmiş, Yusuf Aslan and Hüseyin İnan are executed in Ankara for attempting to overthrow the Constitutional order.
- 1981 – A jury of architects and sculptors unanimously selects Maya Ying Lin's design for the Vietnam Veterans Memorial from 1,421 other entries.
- 1983 – The Hitler Diaries are revealed as a hoax after examination by experts.
- 1994 – Former Arkansas state worker Paula Jones files a lawsuit against United States President Bill Clinton, alleging that he had sexually harassed her in 1991.
- 1996 – The body of former CIA director William Colby is found washed up on a riverbank in southern Maryland, eight days after he disappeared.
- 1998 – Kerry Wood strikes out 20 Houston Astros to tie the major league record held by Roger Clemens. He threw a one-hitter and did not walk a batter in his 5th career start.
- 2001 – During a trip to Syria, Pope John Paul II becomes the first pope to enter a mosque.
- 2013 – Three women missing for more than a decade are found alive in the U.S. city of Cleveland, Ohio, while a 52-year-old man, Ariel Castro, is taken into custody.
- 1405 – Skanderbeg, Albanian lord (d. 1468)
- 1680 – Jean-Baptiste Stuck, Italian-French cellist and composer (d. 1755)
- 1758 – Maximilien de Robespierre, French lawyer and politician (d. 1794)
- 1769 – Jean Nicolas Pierre Hachette, French mathematician (d. 1834)
- 1856 – Sigmund Freud, Austrian neurologist (d. 1939)
- 1895 – Júlio César de Mello e Souza, Brazilian mathematician and author (d. 1974)
- 1895 – Rudolph Valentino, Italian-American actor (d. 1926)
- 1915 – Orson Welles, American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter (d. 1985)
- 1931 – Willie Mays, American baseball player
- 1936 – Bernard Lemaire, Canadian businessman
- 1937 – Rubin Carter, American boxer (d. 2014)
- 1945 – Bob Seger, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
- 1960 – Roma Downey, Irish-American actress, singer, and producer
- 1960 – Anne Parillaud, French actress
- 1993 – Naomi Scott, English actress and singer
- 2002 – Emily Alyn Lind, American actress
- 1471 – Edmund Beaufort, 4th Duke of Somerset, English commander (b. 1438)
- 1502 – James Tyrrell, English knight (b. 1450)
- 1631 – Sir Robert Cotton, 1st Baronet, of Connington, English politician, founded the Cotton library (b. 1570)
- 1862 – Henry David Thoreau, American author and philosopher (b. 1817)
- 1919 – L. Frank Baum, American author (b. 1856)
- 1952 – Maria Montessori, Italian-Dutch physician and educator (b. 1870)