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April 10, 2014 / 10 Nisan 5774
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- 491 – Flavius Anastasius becomes Byzantine Emperor, with the name of Anastasius I.
- 1079 – Bishop Stanislaus of Kraków is executed by order of Bolesław II of Poland.
- 1241 – Batu Khan defeats Béla IV of Hungary at the Battle of Muhi.
- 1689 – William III and Mary II are crowned as joint sovereigns of Britain.
- 1713 – War of the Spanish Succession (Queen Anne's War): Treaty of Utrecht.
- 1727 – Premiere of Johann Sebastian Bach's St Matthew Passion BWV 244b at the St. Thomas Church, Leipzig
- 1856 – Battle of Rivas: Juan Santamaria burns down the hostel where William Walker's filibusters are holed up.
- 1868 – Former Shogun Tokugawa Yoshinobu surrenders Edo Castle to Imperial forces, marking the end of the Tokugawa shogunate.
- 1876 – The Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks is organised.
- 1908 – SMS Blücher, the last armored cruiser to be built by the German Imperial Navy, launches.
- 1913 – The Nevill Ground's pavilion is destroyed in a suffragette arson attack becoming the only cricket ground to be attacked by suffragettes.
- 1945 – World War II: American forces liberate the Buchenwald concentration camp.
- 1951 – Korean War: President Harry Truman relieves General of the Army Douglas MacArthur of overall command in Korea.
- 1951 – The Stone of Scone, the stone upon which Scottish monarchs were traditionally crowned, is found on the site of the altar of Arbroath Abbey. It had been taken by Scottish nationalist students from its place in Westminster Abbey.
- 1955 – The Air India Kashmir Princess is bombed and crashes in a failed assassination attempt on Zhou Enlai by the Kuomintang.
- 1961 – The trial of Adolf Eichmann begins in Jerusalem.
- 1963 – Pope John XXIII issues Pacem in Terris, the first encyclical addressed to all instead of to Catholics alone.
- 1968 – President Lyndon B. Johnson signs the Civil Rights Act of 1968, prohibiting discrimination in the sale, rental, and financing of housing.
- 1970 – Apollo 13 is launched.
- 1972 – First edition of the BBC comedy panel game I'm Sorry I Haven't A Clue is broadcast, one of the longest running British radio shows in history.
- 1976 – The Apple I is created.
- 1979 – Ugandan dictator Idi Amin is deposed.
- 1981 – A massive riot in Brixton, South London, results in almost 300 police injuries and 65 serious civilian injuries.
- 1987 – The London Agreement is secretly signed between Israeli Foreign Affairs Minister Shimon Peres and King Hussein of Jordan.
- 1990 – Customs officers in Middlesbrough, England, United Kingdom, say they have seized what they believe to be the barrel of a massive gun on a ship bound forIraq.
- 1993 – 450 prisoners rioted at the Southern Ohio Correctional Facility in Lucasville, Ohio, and continued to do so for ten days, citing grievances related to prison conditions, as well as the forced vaccination of Nation of Islam prisoners (for tuberculosis) against their religious beliefs.
- 2001 – The detained crew of a United States EP-3E aircraft that landed in Hainan, China after a collision with a J-8 fighter, is released.
- 2002 – The Ghriba synagogue bombing by Al Qaeda kills 21 in Tunisia.
- 2002 – Over two hundred thousand people marched in Caracas towards the Presidential Palace of Miraflores, to demand the resignation of president Hugo Chávez. 19 of the protesters are killed, and the Minister of Defense Gral. Lucas Rincon announces Hugo Chávez resignation on national TV.
- 2006 – Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad announces that Iran has successfully enriched uranium.
- 145 – Septimius Severus, Roman emperor (d. 211)
- 1683 – Jean-Joseph Mouret, French composer (d. 1738)
- 1715 – John Alcock, English organist and composer (d. 1806)
- 1722 – Christopher Smart, English actor, playwright, and poet (d. 1771)
- 1755 – James Parkinson, English surgeon, geologist, and paleontologist (d. 1824)
- 1869 – Kasturba Gandhi, Indian wife of Mohandas Gandhi (d. 1944)
- 1889 – Nick LaRocca, American trumpet player and bandleader (Original Dixieland Jass Band) (d. 1961)
- 1890 – Rachele Mussolini, Italian wife of Benito Mussolini (d. 1979)
- 1908 – Masaru Ibuka, Japanese businessman, co-founded Sony (d. 1997)
- 1928 – Ethel Kennedy, American wife of Robert F. Kennedy
- 1928 – Tommy Tycho, Hungarian-Australian pianist, composer, and conductor (d. 2013)
- 1930 – Anton LaVey, American occultist, founded the Church of Satan (d. 1997)
- 1939 – Luther "Guitar Jr." Johnson, American blues singer and guitarist
- 1960 – Jeremy Clarkson, English journalist
- 1987 – Joss Stone, English singer-songwriter, and actress (SuperHeavy)
- 2000 – Morgan Lily, American actress
- 714 – Guthlac of Crowland, saint from Lincolnshire, England (b. 673)
- 1554 – Thomas Wyatt the Younger, English rebel (b. 1521)
- 1906 – James Anthony Bailey, American businessman, co-founded Ringling Bros. and Barnum & Bailey Circus (b. 1847)
- 2001 – Harry Secombe, Welsh actor and singer (b. 1921)
- 2007 – Kurt Vonnegut, American author (b. 1922)