February 7, 2014 / 7 Adar I, 5774 / Shabbat Shalom
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- 421 – Constantius III becomes co-Emperor of the Western Roman Empire.
- 1238 – The Mongols burn the Russian city of Vladimir.
- 1575 – Universiteit Leiden is founded, and given the motto Praesidium Libertatis.
- 1587 – Mary, Queen of Scots, is executed on suspicion of having been involved in the Babington Plot to murder her cousin, Queen Elizabeth I.
- 1601 – Robert Devereux, 2nd Earl of Essex, rebels against Queen Elizabeth I – the revolt is quickly crushed.
- 1693 – The College of William and Mary in Williamsburg, Virginia is granted a charter by King William III and Queen Mary II.
- 1855 – The Devil's Footprints mysteriously appear in southern Devon.
- 1865 – In the United States, Delaware voters reject the Thirteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution, and vote to continue the practice of slavery. (Delaware finally ratifies the amendment on February 12, 1901.)
- 1879 – The England cricket team led by Lord Harris is attacked during a riot during a match in Sydney.
- 1885 – The first government-approved Japanese immigrants arrived in Hawaii.
- 1904 – Battle of Port Arthur: A surprise torpedo attack by the Japanese at Port Arthur, China starts the Russo-Japanese War.
- 1910 – The Boy Scouts of America is incorporated by William D. Boyce.
- 1915 – D.W. Griffith's controversial film The Birth of a Nation premieres in Los Angeles.
- 1922 – President Warren G. Harding introduces the first radio in the White House.
- 1924 – Capital punishment: The first state execution in the United States by gas chamber takes place in Nevada.
- 1946 – The first portion of the Revised Standard Version of the Bible, the first serious challenge to the popularity of the Authorized King James Version, is published.
- 1952 – Elizabeth II is proclaimed Queen of the United Kingdom.
- 1960 – Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom issues an Order-in-Council, stating that she and her family would be known as the House of Windsor, and that her descendants will take the name "Mountbatten-Windsor".
- 1960 – The first eight brass star plaques are installed in the Hollywood Walk of Fame.
- 1962 – Charonne massacre. Nine trade unionists are killed by French police at the instigation of Nazi collaborator Maurice Papon, then chief of the Paris Prefecture of Police.
- 1963 – The First full Color Television program in the World, publicly advertised, is broadcast in Mexico City by XHGC-TV, Channel 5, due to technical breakthrough advances made by Mexican Engineer Guillermo Gonzalez Camarena.
- 1968 – American civil rights movement: The Orangeburg massacre: An attack on black students from South Carolina State University who are protesting racial segregation at the town's only bowling alley, leaves three or four dead in Orangeburg, South Carolina.
- 1983 – The Melbourne dust storm hits Australia's second largest city. The result of the worst drought on record and a day of severe weather conditions, a 320 metres (1,050 ft) deep dust cloud envelops the city, turning day to night.
- 2013 – A blizzard disrupts transportation and leaves hundreds of thousands of people without electricity in the Northeastern United States and parts of Canada.
- 120 – Vettius Valens, Greek astrologer (d. 175)
- 412 – Proclus, Greek philosopher (d. 485)
- 1552 – Agrippa d'Aubigné, French poet and soldier (d. 1630)
- 1577 – Robert Burton, English scholar (d. 1640)
- 1612 – Samuel Butler, English poet (d. 1680)
- 1700 – Daniel Bernoulli, Dutch-Swiss mathematician and physicist (d. 1782)
- 1762 – Gia Long, Vietnamese emperor (d. 1820)
- 1819 – John Ruskin, English author (d. 1900)
- 1906 – Chester Carlson, American physicist, invented Xerography (d. 1968)
- 1909 – Elisabeth Murdoch, Australian philanthropist (d. 2012)
- 1921 – Lana Turner, American actress (d. 1995)
- 1931 – James Dean, American actor (d. 1955)
- 1948 – Ron Tyson, American singer-songwriter (The Temptations)
- 1955 – John Grisham, American lawyer and author
- 1974 – Seth Green, American actor, screenwriter and producer
- 1998 – Šarlote Lēnmane, Latvian singer-songwriter