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February 5, 2014 / 5 Adar I, 5774
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- 1649 – The claimant King Charles II of England and Scotland is declared King of Great Britain, by the Parliament of Scotland. This move was not followed by the Parliament of England nor the Parliament of Ireland.
- 1685 – James II of England and VII of Scotland becomes King upon the death of his brother Charles II.
- 1778 – American Revolutionary War: In Paris the Treaty of Alliance and the Treaty of Amity and Commerce are signed by the United States and Francesignaling official recognition of the new republic.
- 1806 – Battle of San Domingo: British naval victory against the French in the Caribbean.
- 1815 – New Jersey grants the first American railroad charter to John Stevens.
- 1819 – Sir Thomas Stamford Raffles founds Singapore.
- 1820 – The first 86 African American immigrants sponsored by the American Colonization Society depart New York to start a settlement in present-dayLiberia.
- 1840 – Signing of the Treaty of Waitangi, establishing New Zealand as a British colony.
- 1843 – The first minstrel show in the United States, The Virginia Minstrels, opens (Bowery Amphitheatre in New York City).
- 1851 – The largest Australian bushfires in a populous region in recorded history take place in the state of Victoria.
- 1900 – The international arbitration court at The Hague is created when the Senate of the Netherlands ratifies an 1899 peace conference decree.
- 1918 – British women over the age of 30 get the right to vote.
- 1952 – Elizabeth II becomes queen regnant of the United Kingdom and the other Commonwealth realms upon the death of her father, George VI. At the exact moment of succession, she was in a treehouse at the Treetops Hotel in Kenya.
- 1958 – Eight Manchester United F.C. players and 15 other passengers are killed in the Munich air disaster.
- 1959 – Jack Kilby of Texas Instruments files the first patent for an integrated circuit.
- 1978 – The Blizzard of 1978, one of the worst Nor'easters in New England history, hit the region, with sustained winds of 65 mph and snowfall of 4" an hour.
- 1988 – Michael Jordan makes his signature slam dunk from the free throw line inspiring Air Jordan and the Jumpman logo.
- 1989 – The Round Table Talks start in Poland, thus marking the beginning of overthrow of communism in Eastern Europe.
- 976 – Emperor Sanjō of Japan (d. 1017)
- 1347 – Dorothea of Montau, Prussian saint (d. 1394)
- 1612 – Antoine Arnauld, French mathematician, theologian, and philosopher (d. 1694)
- 1665 – Anne, Queen of Great Britain (d. 1714)
- 1695 – Nicolaus II Bernoulli, Swiss mathematician (d. 1726)
- 1721 – Christian Friedrich Heinecken, German child prodigy (d. 1725)
- 1744 – Pierre-Joseph Desault, French anatomist and surgeon (d. 1795)
- 1818 – Henry Litolff, English pianist and composer (d. 1891)
- 1838 – Henry Irving, English actor (d. 1905)
- 1838 – Yisrael Meir Kagan, Lithuanian rabbi (d. 1933)
- 1859 – Wilhelm Cohn, German chess player (d. 1913)
- 1895 – Babe Ruth, American baseball player (d. 1948)
- 1911 – Ronald Reagan, American actor and politician, 40th President of the United States (d. 2004)
- 1912 – Eva Braun, German wife of Adolf Hitler (d. 1945)
- 1917 – Zsa Zsa Gabor, Hungarian-American actress
- 1929 – Colin Murdoch, New Zealand pharmacist, invented the tranquilliser gun (d. 2008)
- 1931 – Rip Torn, American actor
- 1931 – James Bonk, American chemist and educator (d. 2013)
- 1945 – Bob Marley, Jamaican-American singer-songwriter and guitarist (Bob Marley & The Wailers) (d. 1981)
- 1949 – Mike Batt, English singer-songwriter and producer (The Wombles)
- 1951 – Huw Lloyd-Langton, English guitarist (Hawkwind, Widowmaker, and The Meads of Asphodel) (d. 2012)
- 1952 – Tim Blake, English electronic musician (Gong,Hawkwind, Crystal Machine )
- 1983 – Sreesanth, Indian cricketer
- 1996 – Justina Mikulskytė, Lithuanian tennis player
- 891 – Photios I of Constantinople (b. 810)
- 1215 – Hōjō Tokimasa, Japanese emperor (b. 1138)
- 1806 – Thomas-Alexandre Dumas, French general (b. 1762)
- 1958 – victims of the Munich air disaster
- – Geoff Bent, English footballer (b. 1932)
- – Roger Byrne, English footballer (b. 1929)
- – Eddie Colman, English footballer (b. 1936)
- – Walter Crickmer, English football manager (b. 1900)
- – Mark Jones, English footballer (b. 1933)
- – David Pegg, English footballer (b. 1935)
- – Frank Swift, English footballer and journalist (b. 1913)
- – Tommy Taylor, English footballer (b. 1932)