February 4, 2014 / 4 Adar I, 5774
Received this from a friend? Subscribe .===
- 62 – Earthquake in Pompeii, Italy.
- 756 – An Lushan, leader of a revolt against the Tang Dynasty, declares himself emperor and establishes the state of Yan.
- 1597 – A group of early Japanese Christians are killed by the new government of Japan for being seen as a threat to Japanese society.
- 1852 – The Hermitage Museum in Saint Petersburg, Russia, one of the largest and oldest museums in the world, opens to the public.
- 1869 – The largest alluvial gold nugget in history, called the "Welcome Stranger", is found in Moliagul, Victoria, Australia.
- 1909 – Belgian chemist Leo Baekeland announces the creation of Bakelite, the world's first synthetic plastic.
- 1913 – Greek military aviators, Michael Moutoussis and Aristeidis Moraitinis perform the first naval air mission in history, with a Farman MF.7 hydroplane.
- 1917 – The Congress of the United States passes the Immigration Act of 1917 over President Woodrow Wilson's veto. Also known as the Asiatic Barred Zone Act, it forbade immigration from nearly all of south and southeast Asia.
- 1918 – Stephen W. Thompson shoots down a German airplane. It is the first aerial victory by the U.S. military.
- 1919 – Charlie Chaplin, Mary Pickford, Douglas Fairbanks, and D.W. Griffith launch United Artists.
- 1924 – The Royal Greenwich Observatory begins broadcasting the hourly time signals known as the Greenwich Time Signal or the "BBC pips".
- 1945 – World War II: General Douglas MacArthur returns to Manila.
- 1971 – Astronauts land on the moon in the Apollo 14 mission.
- 1985 – Ugo Vetere, then the mayor of Rome, and Chedli Klibi, then the mayor of Carthage meet in Tunis to sign a treaty of friendship officially ending the Third Punic War which lasted 2,131 years.
- 1988 – Manuel Noriega is indicted on drug smuggling and money laundering charges.
- 1994 – During the war in Bosnia and Herzegovina more than 60 people are killed and some 200 wounded as a mortar shell slams into a downtown marketplace in Sarajevo.
- 1994 – Byron De La Beckwith is convicted of the 1963 murder of civil rights leader Medgar Evers.
- 1997 – The so-called Big Three banks in Switzerland announce the creation of a $71 million fund to aid Holocaust survivors and their families.
- 1505 – Aegidius Tschudi, Swiss historian (d. 1572)
- 1534 – Giovanni de' Bardi, Italian soldier, composer, and critic (d. 1612)
- 1589 – Esteban Manuel de Villegas, Spanish poet (d. 1669)
- 1748 – Elias Stein, Dutch chess player (d. 1812)
- 1784 – Nancy Lincoln, American mother of Abraham Lincoln (d. 1818)
- 1788 – Robert Peel, English politician, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (d. 1850)
- 1837 – Dwight L. Moody, American evangelist and publisher, founded Moody Publishers (d. 1899)
- 1840 – John Boyd Dunlop, Scottish businessman, co-founded Dunlop Rubber (d. 1921)
- 1840 – Hiram Stevens Maxim, American-English inventor, invented the Maxim gun (d. 1916)
- 1878 – André Citroën, French engineer and businessman, founded Citroën (d. 1935)
- 1908 – Daisy and Violet Hilton, English conjoined twins (d. 1969)
- 1920 – Frank Muir, English comedian and actor (d. 1998)
- 1934 – Hank Aaron. American baseball player
- 1948 – Barbara Hershey, American actress
- 1954 – Cliff Martinez, American drummer and songwriter (Red Hot Chili Peppers, The Dickies, and The Weirdos)
- 1956 – Betty Ong, American flight attendant on American Airlines Flight 11 (d. 2001)
- 1985 – Cristiano Ronaldo, Portuguese footballer
- 2002 – Davis Cleveland, American actor