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February 6, 2014 / 6 Adar I 5774
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- 457 – Leo I becomes emperor of the Byzantine Empire.
- 1074 – Pandulf IV of Benevento is killed battling the invading Normans at the Battle of Montesarchio.
- 1301 – Edward of Caernarvon (later King Edward II of England) becomes the first English Prince of Wales.
- 1497 – The bonfire of the vanities occurs in which supporters of Girolamo Savonarola burn thousands of objects like cosmetics, art, and books inFlorence, Italy.
- 1819 – Sir Thomas Stamford Raffles leaves Singapore after just taking it over, leaving it in the hands of William Farquhar.
- 1856 – The colonial Tasmanian Parliament passes the second piece of legislation (the Electoral Act of 1856) anywhere in the world providing for elections by way of a secret ballot.
- 1898 – Émile Zola is brought to trial for libel for publishing J'Accuse.
- 1907 – The Mud March is the first large procession organized by the National Union of Women's Suffrage Societies (NUWSS).
- 1935 – The classic board game Monopoly is invented.
- 1940 – The second full length animated Walt Disney film, Pinocchio, premieres.
- 1948 – Neil Harvey becomes the youngest Australian to score a century in Test cricket.
- 1962 – The United States bans all Cuban imports and exports.
- 1964 – The Beatles first arrive in the United States. Their performance on The Ed Sullivan Show two days later would mark the beginning of the British Invasion.
- 1984 – Space Shuttle program: STS-41-B Mission – Astronauts Bruce McCandless II and Robert L. Stewart make the first untethered space walk using the Manned Maneuvering Unit(MMU).
- 1990 – Dissolution of the Soviet Union: The Central Committee of the Soviet Communist Party agrees to give up its monopoly on power.
- 1995 – Ramzi Yousef, the mastermind of the 1993 World Trade Center bombing, is arrested in Islamabad, Pakistan.
- 2009 – Bushfires in Victoria left 173 dead in the worst natural disaster in Australia's history.
- 572 – Prince Shōtoku of Japan (d. 622)
- 1102 – Empress Matilda, English wife of Henry V of the Holy Roman Empire (d. 1169)
- 1478 – Thomas More, English politician and author (d. 1535)
- 1758 – Benedikt Schack, Czech tenor composer (d. 1826)
- 1804 – John Deere, American businessman, founded Deere & Company (d. 1886)
- 1812 – Charles Dickens, English author (d. 1870)
- 1870 – Alfred Adler, Austrian psychologist (d. 1937)
- 1877 – G. H. Hardy, English mathematician (d. 1947)
- 1906 – Puyi, Emperor of China (d. 1967)
- 1906 – Oleg Antonov, Soviet aircraft designer, founded the Antonov Aircraft Company (d. 1984)
- 1914 – Ramón Mercader, Spanish assassin of Leon Trotsky (d. 1978)
- 1920 – An Wang, Chinese-American engineer and businessman, founded Wang Laboratories (d. 1990)
- 1934 – Earl King, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer (d. 2003)
- 1948 – Jimmy Greenspoon, American keyboard player (Three Dog Night)
- 1956 – Mark St. John, American guitarist (Kiss and White Tiger) (d. 2007)
- 1958 – Matt Ridley, English scientist, journalist, and author
- 1962 – Garth Brooks, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
- 1996 – Mai Hagiwara, Japanese singer (Cute, Petitmoni, and Kira Pika)
- 1997 – Anhelina Kalinina, Ukrainian tennis player
- 812 – Li Ning, Chinese prince (b. 793)
- 999 – Boleslaus II, Duke of Bohemia (b. 932)
- 1823 – Ann Radcliffe, English author (b. 1764)
- 1938 – Harvey Samuel Firestone, American businessman, founded the Firestone Tire and Rubber Company (b. 1868)
- 1979 – Josef Mengele, German SS officer and physician (b. 1911)