February 27, 2014 / 27 AdarI 5774
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- 202 BC – coronation ceremony of Liu Bang as Emperor Gaozu of Han takes place, initiating four centuries of the Han Dynasty's rule over China.
- 628 – Khosrau II is executed by Mihr Hormozd under the orders of Kavadh II.
- 1246 – The Siege of Jaén ends in the context of the Spanish Reconquista resulting in the Castilian takeover of the city from the Taifa of Jaen.
- 1525 – The Aztec king Cuauhtémoc is executed by Hernán Cortés's forces.
- 1710 – In the Battle of Helsingborg, 14,000 Danish invaders under Jørgen Rantzau are decisively defeated by an equally sized Swedish force under Magnus Stenbock. This is the last time Swedish and Danish troops meet on Swedish soil.
- 1784 – John Wesley charters the Methodist Church.
- 1844 – A gun on USS Princeton explodes while the boat is on a Potomac River cruise, killing eight people, including two United States Cabinet members.
- 1849 – Regular steamboat service from the west to the east coast of the United States begins with the arrival of the SS California in San Francisco Bay, 4 months 22 days after leaving New York Harbor.
- 1874 – One of the longest cases ever heard in an English court ends when the defendant is convicted of perjury for attempting to assume the identity of the heir to the Tichborne baronetcy.
- 1883 – The first vaudeville theater opens in Boston
- 1885 – The American Telephone and Telegraph Company is incorporated in New York State as the subsidiary of American Bell Telephone. (American Bell would later merge with its subsidiary.)
- 1893 – The USS Indiana, the lead ship of her class and the first battleship in the United States Navy comparable to foreign battleships of the time, is launched.
- 1933 – Gleichschaltung: The Reichstag Fire Decree is passed in Germany a day after the Reichstag fire.
- 1935 – DuPont scientist Wallace Carothers invents nylon.
- 1939 – The erroneous word "dord" is discovered in the Webster's New International Dictionary, Second Edition, prompting an investigation.
- 1940 – Basketball is televised for the first time (Fordham University vs. the University of Pittsburgh in Madison Square Garden).
- 1942 – The heavy cruiser USS Houston is sunk in the Battle of Sunda Strait with 693 crew members killed, along with HMAS Perth which lost 375 men.
- 1953 – James D. Watson and Francis Crick announce to friends that they have determined the chemical structure of DNA; the formal announcement takes place on April 25 following publication in April's Nature (pub. April 2).
- 1954 – The first color television sets using the NTSC standard are offered for sale to the general public.
- 1958 – A school bus in Floyd County, Kentucky hits a wrecker truck and plunges down an embankment into the rain-swollen Levisa Fork River. The driver and 26 children die in what remains one of the worst school bus accidents in U.S. history.
- 1959 – Discoverer 1, an American spy satellite that is the first object intended to achieve a polar orbit, is launched. It failed to achieve orbit.
- 1985 – The Provisional Irish Republican Army carries out a mortar attack on the Royal Ulster Constabulary police station at Newry, killing nine officers in the highest loss of life for the RUC on a single day.
- 1993 – Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco and Firearms agents raid the Branch Davidian church in Waco, Texas with a warrant to arrest the group's leader David Koresh. Four BATF agents and five Davidians die in the initial raid, starting a 51-day standoff.
- 1995 – Former Australian Liberal party leader John Hewson resigns from the Australian parliament almost two years after losing the Australian federal election, 1993.
- 1998 – First flight of RQ-4 Global Hawk, the first unmanned aerial vehicle certified to file its own flight plans and fly regularly in U.S. civilian airspace.
- 2013 – Pope Benedict XVI resigns as the pope of the Catholic Church becoming the first pope to do so since 1415.
- 1155 – Henry the Young King, English son of Henry II of England (d. 1183)
- 1533 – Michel de Montaigne, French philosopher (d. 1592)
- 1552 – Jost Bürgi, Swiss mathematician and clockmaker (d. 1632)
- 1573 – Elias Holl, German architect (d. 1646)
- 1612 – John Pearson, English bishop, theologian, and scholar (d. 1686)
- 1616 – Kaspar Förster, German singer and composer (d. 1673)
- 1619 – Giuseppe Felice Tosi, Italian organist and composer (d. 1693)
- 1670 – Benjamin Wadsworth, American clergyman and academic (d. 1737)
- 1714 – Gioacchino Conti, Italian soprano (d. 1761)
- 1812 – Berthold Auerbach, German poet and author (d. 1882)
- 1824 – Charles Blondin, French acrobat (d. 1897)
- 1865 – Wilfred Grenfell, English missionary (d. 1940)
- 1908 – Billie Bird, American actress (d. 2002)
- 1916 – Svend Asmussen, Danish violinist
- 1940 – Mario Andretti, Italian-American race car driver
- 1942 – Brian Jones, English guitarist, songwriter, and producer (The Rolling Stones) (d. 1969)
- 1946 – Don Francisco, American singer-songwriter
- 1948 – Mercedes Ruehl, American actress
- 1957 – Ainsley Harriott, English chef and author
- 1957 – Cindy Wilson, American singer-songwriter and actress (The B-52's)
- 1971 – Peter Stebbings, Canadian actor
- 2007 – Lalla Khadija of Morocco