February 11, 2014 / 11 Adar I 5774
Check out the great blogs today - too many good ones to put them all in the recommended section.
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- 881 – Pope John VIII crowns Charles the Fat, the King of Italy: Holy Roman Emperor
- 1429 – English forces under Sir John Fastolf defend a supply convoy carrying rations to the army besieging Orléans from attack by the Comte de Clermont and Sir John Stewart of Darnley in the Battle of Rouvray (also known as the Battle of the Herrings).
- 1502 – Vasco da Gama sets sail from Lisbon, Portugal, on his second voyage to India.
- 1554 – A year after claiming the throne of England for nine days, Lady Jane Grey is beheaded for treason.
- 1593 – Japanese invasion of Korea: Approximately 3,000 Joseon defenders led by general Kwon Yul successfully repel more than 30,000 Japanese forces in the Siege of Haengju.
- 1689 – The Convention Parliament declares that the flight to France in 1688 by James II, the last Roman Catholic British monarch, constitutes an abdication.
- 1851 – Edward Hargraves announces that he has found gold in Bathurst, New South Wales, Australia, starting the Australian gold rushes.
- 1894 – Anarchist Émile Henry hurls a bomb into the Cafe Terminus in Paris, France, killing one and wounding 20.
- 1909 – The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) is founded.
- 1914 – In Washington, D.C., the first stone of the Lincoln Memorial is put into place.
- 1935 – USS Macon, one of the two largest helium-filled airships ever created, crashes into the Pacific Ocean off the coast of California and sinks.
- 1946 – World War II: Operation Deadlight ends after scuttling 121 of 154 captured U-boats.
- 1946 – African American United States Army veteran Isaac Woodard is severely beaten by a South Carolina police officer to the point where he loses his vision in both eyes. The incident later galvanizes the Civil Rights Movement and partially inspires Orson Welles' film Touch of Evil.
- 1947 – Christian Dior unveils a "New Look", helping Paris regain its position as the capital of the fashion world.
- 1961 – Soviet Union launches Venera 1 towards Venus.
- 1974 – Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn, winner of the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1970, is exiled from the Soviet Union.
- 1990 – Carmen Lawrence becomes the first female Premier in Australian history when she becomes Premier of Western Australia.
- 1999 – United States President Bill Clinton is acquitted by the United States Senate in his impeachment trial.
- 2001 – NEAR Shoemaker spacecraft touches down in the "saddle" region of 433 Eros, becoming the first spacecraft to land on an asteroid.
- 2002 – The trial of Slobodan Milošević, the former President of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, begins at the United Nations International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia in The Hague, Netherlands. He dies four years later before its conclusion.
- 41 – Britannicus, Roman son of Claudius (d. 55)
- 528 – The only daughter of Emperor Xiaoming of Northern Wei, the first female monarch in the History of China, but not widely recognised (death year unknown)
- 661 – Ōku, Japanese princess (d. 702)
- 1567 – Thomas Campion, English composer and poet (d. 1620)
- 1584 – Caspar Barlaeus, Dutch theologian, poet, and historian (d. 1648)
- 1752 – Dorothea Ackermann, German actress (d. 1821)
- 1775 – Louisa Adams, American wife of John Quincy Adams, 6th First Lady of the United States (d. 1852)
- 1788 – Carl Reichenbach, German chemist and philosopher (d. 1869)
- 1791 – Peter Cooper, American businessman and philanthropist, founded Cooper Union (d. 1883)
- 1794 – Alexander Petrov, Russian chess player (d. 1867)
- 1809 – Charles Darwin, English scientist and theorist (d. 1882)
- 1809 – Abraham Lincoln, American lawyer and politician, 16th President of the United States (d. 1865)
- 1876 – 13th Dalai Lama (d. 1933)
- 1877 – Louis Renault, French businessman, co-founded Renault (d. 1944)
- 1881 – Anna Pavlova, Russian ballerina (d. 1931)
- 1884 – Alice Roosevelt Longworth, American daughter of Theodore Roosevelt (d. 1980)
- 1908 – Jacques Herbrand, French mathematician (d. 1931)
- 1912 – R. F. Delderfield, English author (d. 1972)
- 1915 – Lorne Greene, Canadian actor (d. 1987)
- 1917 – Dom DiMaggio, American baseball player (d. 2009)
- 1939 – Ray Manzarek, American singer-songwriter, keyboard player, and producer (The Doors, Rick & the Ravens, Manzarek–Krieger, and Nite City) (d. 2013)
- 1942 – Ehud Barak, Israeli politician, 10th Prime Minister of Israel
- 1950 – Steve Hackett, English singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer (Genesis, Quiet World, and GTR)
- 1952 – Michael McDonald, American singer-songwriter and keyboard player (Steely Dan and The Doobie Brothers)
- 1968 – Chynna Phillips, American singer and actress (Wilson Phillips)
- 1980 – Christina Ricci, American actress
- 1996 – Doménica González, Ecuadorian tennis player
- 821 – Benedict of Aniane, French monk and saint (b. 747)
- 1554 – Lord Guildford Dudley, English husband of Lady Jane Grey (b. 1536)
- 1554 – Lady Jane Grey, English daughter of Frances Grey, Duchess of Suffolk (b. 1537)
- 1789 – Ethan Allen, American farmer, soldier, and politician (b. 1738)
- 1916 – Richard Dedekind, German mathematician (b. 1831)
- 1929 – Lillie Langtry, English singer and actress (b. 1853)
- 2000 – Charles M. Schulz, American cartoonist, created Peanuts (b. 1922)