February 18, 2014 / 18 Adar I 5774
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- 197 – Emperor Septimius Severus defeats usurper Clodius Albinus in the Battle of Lugdunum, the bloodiest battle between Roman armies.
- 356 – Emperor Constantius II issues a decree closing all pagan temples in the Roman Empire.
- 1594 – Having already inherited the throne of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth through his mother Catherine Jagellonica of Poland in 1587,Sigismund III of the House of Vasa is crowned King of Sweden, having succeeded his father John III of Sweden in 1592.
- 1674 – England and the Netherlands sign the Treaty of Westminster, ending the Third Anglo-Dutch War. A provision of the agreement transfers the Dutch colony of New Amsterdam to England, and it is renamed New York.
- 1807 – Former Vice President of the United States Aaron Burr is arrested for treason in Wakefield, Alabama and confined to Fort Stoddert.
- 1846 – In Austin, Texas the newly formed Texas state government is officially installed. The Republic of Texas government officially transfers power to the State of Texas government following the annexation of Texas by the United States.
- 1847 – The first group of rescuers reaches the Donner Party.
- 1859 – Daniel E. Sickles, a New York Congressman, is acquitted of murder on grounds of temporary insanity. This is the first time this defense is successfully used in the United States.
- 1861 – Serfdom is abolished in Russia.
- 1878 – Thomas Edison patents the phonograph.
- 1915 – World War I: The first naval attack on the Dardanelles begins when a strong Anglo-French task force bombards Ottoman artillery along the coast of Gallipoli.
- 1937 – Yekatit 12: During a public ceremony at the Viceregal Palace (the former Imperial residence) in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, two Ethiopian nationalists of Eritrean origin attempt to kill viceroy Rodolfo Graziani with a number of grenades.
- 1942 – World War II: nearly 250 Japanese warplanes attack the northern Australian city of Darwin killing 243 people.
- 1942 – World War II: President Franklin D. Roosevelt signs the executive order 9066, allowing the United States military to relocate Japanese-Americans to internment camps.
- 1945 – World War II: Battle of Iwo Jima – about 30,000 United States Marines land on the island of Iwo Jima.
- 1949 – Ezra Pound is awarded the first Bollingen Prize in poetry by the Bollingen Foundation and Yale University.
- 1953 – Censorship: Georgia approves the first literature censorship board in the United States.
- 1976 – Executive Order 9066, which led to the relocation of Japanese Americans to internment camps, is rescinded by President Gerald R. Ford's Proclamation 4417
- 1978 – Egyptian forces raid Larnaca International Airport in an attempt to intervene in a hijacking, without authorisation from the Republic of Cyprus authorities. The Cypriot National Guard and Police forces kill 15 Egyptian commandos and destroy the Egyptian C-130 transport plane in open combat.
- 1985 – William J. Schroeder becomes the first recipient of an artificial heart to leave hospital.
- 1473 – Nicolaus Copernicus, Polish mathematician and astronomer (d. 1543)
- 1660 – Friedrich Hoffmann, German physician and chemist (d. 1742)
- 1717 – David Garrick, English actor, playwright, and producer (d. 1779)
- 1821 – August Schleicher, German linguist (d. 1868)
- 1824 – Henri Germain, French banker and politician, founded Crédit Lyonnais (d. 1905)
- 1865 – Sven Hedin, Swedish geographer and explorer (d. 1952)
- 1869 – Hovhannes Tumanyan, Armenian poet (d. 1923)
- 1888 – José Eustasio Rivera, Colombian lawyer and poet (d. 1928)
- 1911 – Merle Oberon, Indian-American actress (d. 1979)
- 1924 – Lee Marvin, American actor (d. 1987)
- 1940 – Smokey Robinson, American singer-songwriter and producer (The Miracles)
- 1940 – Bobby Rogers, American singer-songwriter (The Miracles) (d. 2013)
- 1948 – Pim Fortuyn, Dutch sociologist and politician (d. 2002)
- 1960 – Prince Andrew, Duke of York
- 1962 – Hana Mandlíková, Czech tennis player
- 1963 – Seal, English singer-songwriter
- 1967 – Benicio del Toro, Puerto Rican actor
- 1971 – Lisa McCune, Australian actress
- 1972 – Sunset Thomas, American porn actress
- 1988 – Selkirk, English race horse (d. 2013)
- 1994 – Tiina Trutsi, Estonian footballer