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January 29, 2014 / 28 Shevat 5774
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- 1018 – The Peace of Bautzen is signed between Poland and Germany.
- 1648 – Eighty Years' War: The Treaty of Münster and Osnabrück is signed, ending the conflict between the Netherlands and Spain.
- 1649 – King Charles I of England is beheaded.
- 1661 – Oliver Cromwell, Lord Protector of the Commonwealth of England is ritually executed two years after his death, on the anniversary of the execution of the monarch he himself deposed.
- 1703 – The Forty-seven Ronin, under the command of Ōishi Kuranosuke, avenge the death of their master.
- 1790 – The first boat specializing as a lifeboat is tested on the River Tyne.
- 1835 – In the first assassination attempt against a President of the United States, Richard Lawrence attempts to shoot president Andrew Jackson, but fails and is subdued by a crowd, including several congressmen.
- 1847 – Yerba Buena, California is renamed San Francisco.
- 1858 – The first Hallé concert is given in Manchester, England, marking the official founding of The Hallé orchestra as a full-time, professional orchestra.
- 1862 – The first American ironclad warship, the USS Monitor is launched.
- 1889 – Archduke Crown Prince Rudolf of Austria, heir to the Austro-Hungarian crown, is found dead with his mistress Baroness Mary Vetsera in the Mayerling.
- 1911 – The destroyer USS Terry makes the first airplane rescue at sea saving the life of James McCurdy 10 miles from Havana, Cuba.
- 1945 – World War II: The Wilhelm Gustloff, overfilled with German refugees, sinks in the Baltic Sea after being torpedoed by a Soviet submarine, leading to the deadliest known maritime disaster, killing approximately 9,500 people.
- 1948 – Indian pacifist and leader Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, known for his non-violent freedom struggle, is assassinated by Nathuram Godse, a Hindu extremist.
- 1956 – American civil rights leader Martin Luther King, Jr.'s home is bombed in retaliation for the Montgomery Bus Boycott.
- 1959 – MS Hans Hedtoft, said to be the safest ship afloat and "unsinkable" like the RMS Titanic, strikes an iceberg on her maiden voyage and sinks, killing all 95 aboard.
- 1968 – Vietnam War: Tet Offensive launch by forces of the Viet Cong and North Vietnamese Army against South Vietnam, the United States, and their allies.
- 1969 – The Beatles' last public performance, on the roof of Apple Records in London. The impromptu concert is broken up by the police.
- 1971 – Carole King's Tapestry album is released to become the longest charting album by a female solo artist and sell 24 million copies worldwide.
- 58 BC – Livia, Roman wife of Augustus (d. 29)
- 133 – Didius Julianus, Roman Emperor (d. 193)
- 1615 – Thomas Rolfe, American son of Pocahontas (d. 1675)
- 1661 – Charles Rollin, French historian and educator (d. 1741)
- 1912 – Francis Schaeffer, American theologian and pastor (d. 1984)
- 1915 – John Profumo, English politician (d. 2006)
- 1925 – Douglas Engelbart, American computer scientist, invented the computer mouse (d. 2013)
- 1930 – Gene Hackman, American actor and author
- 1937 – Vanessa Redgrave, English actress
- 1937 – Boris Spassky, Russian chess player
- 1941 – Dick Cheney, American politician, 46th Vice President of the United States
- 1951 – Phil Collins, English singer-songwriter, producer, and actor (Genesis, Brand X, and Flaming Youth)
- 1974 – Christian Bale, English actor
- 2005 – Prince Hashem bin Al Abdullah of Jordan