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March 3, 2014 / 1 Adar II 5774 / Chodesh Tov (again)
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- 51 – Nero, later to become Roman Emperor, is given the title princeps iuventutis (head of the youth).
- 306 – Martyrdom of Saint Adrian of Nicomedia.
- 852 – Croatian Duke Trpimir I issues a statute, a document with the first known written mention of the Croats name in Croatian sources.
- 1238 – The Battle of the Sit River is fought in the northern part of the present-day Yaroslavl Oblast of Russia between the Mongol Hordes of Batu Khan and the Russians under Yuri II of Vladimir-Suzdal during the Mongol invasion of Russia.
- 1493 – Explorer Christopher Columbus arrives back in Lisbon, Portugal, aboard his ship Niña from his voyage to what is now The Bahamas and other islands in the Caribbean.
- 1519 – Hernán Cortés arrives in Mexico in search of the Aztec civilization and their wealth.
- 1628 – The Massachusetts Bay Colony is granted a Royal charter.
- 1665 – English King Charles II declares war on the Netherlands marking the start of the Second Anglo-Dutch War.
- 1681 – Charles II grants a land charter to William Penn for the area that will later become Pennsylvania.
- 1804 – Castle Hill Rebellion: Irish convicts rebel against British colonial authority in the Colony of New South Wales.
- 1837 – The city of Chicago is incorporated.
- 1861 – The first national flag of the Confederate States of America (the "Stars and Bars") is adopted.
- 1890 – The longest bridge in Great Britain, the Forth Rail Bridge in Scotland, measuring 1,710 feet (520 m) long, is opened by the Prince of Wales, later King Edward VII.
- 1909 – U.S. President William Taft used what became known as a Saxbe fix, a mechanism to avoid the restriction of the U.S. Constitution's Ineligibility Clause, to appoint Philander C. Knoxas U.S. Secretary of State
- 1917 – Jeannette Rankin of Montana becomes the first female member of the United States House of Representatives.
- 1918 – The first case of Spanish flu occurs, the start of a devastating worldwide pandemic.
- 1933 – Frances Perkins becomes United States Secretary of Labor, the first female member of the United States Cabinet.
- 1941 – World War II: The United Kingdom launches Operation Claymore on the Lofoten Islands; the first large scale British Commando raid.
- 1957 – The S&P 500 stock market index is introduced, replacing the S&P 90.
- 1970 – French submarine Eurydice explodes underwater, resulting in the loss of the entire 57-man crew.
- 1974 – People magazine is published for the first time in the United States as People Weekly.
- 1980 – Nationalist leader Robert Mugabe wins a sweeping election victory to become Zimbabwe's first black prime minister.
- 1985 – The Food and Drug Administration approves a blood test for AIDS infection, used since then for screening all blood donations in the United States.
- 1998 – Gay rights: Oncale v. Sundowner Offshore Services: The Supreme Court of the United States rules that federal laws banning on-the-job sexual harassment also apply when both parties are the same sex.
- 2001 – 4 March 2001 BBC bombing: a massive car bomb explodes in front of the BBC Television Centre in London, seriously injuring 1 person. The attack was attributed to the Real IRA.
- 2002 – Afghanistan: Seven American Special Operations Forces soldiers and 200 Al-Qaeda Fighters are killed as American forces attempt to infiltrate the Shahi Kot Valley on a low-flying helicopter reconnaissance mission.
- 2007 – Estonian parliamentary election, 2007: Approximately 30,000 voters take advantage of electronic voting in Estonia, the world's first nationwide voting where part of the votecasting is allowed in the form of remote electronic voting via the Internet.
- 2009 – The International Criminal Court (ICC) issues an arrest warrant for Sudanese President Omar Hassan al-Bashir for war crimes and crimes against humanity in Darfur. Al-Bashir is the first sitting head of state to be indicted by the ICC since its establishment in 2002.
- 895 – Emperor Gaozu of (Later) Han (d. 948)
- 1394 – Henry the Navigator, Portuguese son of John I of Portugal (d. 1460)
- 1492 – Francesco de Layolle, Italian organist and composer (d. 1540)
- 1602 – Kanō Tan'yū, Japanese painter (d. 1674)
- 1665 – Philip Christoph von Königsmarck, Swedish soldier (d. 1694)
- 1678 – Antonio Vivaldi, Italian violinist and composer (d. 1741)
- 1702 – Jack Sheppard, English criminal (d. 1724)
- 1792 – Samuel Slocum, American inventor (d. 1861)
- 1815 – Myrtilla Miner, American educator (d. 1864)
- 1822 – Jules Antoine Lissajous, French mathematician (d. 1880)
- 1826 – Theodore Judah, American engineer, founded the Central Pacific Railroad (d. 1863)
- 1838 – Paul Lacôme, French composer (d. 1920)
- 1847 – Carl Josef Bayer, Austrian chemist (d. 1904)
- 1891 – Lois W., American activist, co-founder of Al-Anon (d. 1988)
- 1893 – Charles Herbert Colvin, American engineer, co-founded the Pioneer Instrument Company (d. 1985)
- 1913 – John Garfield, American actor (d. 1952)
- 1934 – John Duffey, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (The Country Gentlemen and The Seldom Scene) (d. 1996)
- 1951 – Kenny Dalglish, Scottish footballer and manager
- 1953 – Emilio Estefan, Cuban-American drummer and producer
- 1968 – Patsy Kensit, English actress and singer
- 1995 – Bill Milner, English actor