March 26, 2014 / 24 Adar II 5774
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- 87 BC – Crown Prince Fuling, later Emperor Zhao of Han, is named as Emperor Wu of Han's successor and heir to the throne. Emperor Wu dies two days later.
- 1309 – Pope Clement V imposes excommunication, interdiction, and a general prohibition of all commercial intercourse against Venice, which had unjustly seized on Ferrara, a fief of the Patrimony of Peter.
- 1329 – Pope John XXII issues his In Agro Dominico condemning some writings of Meister Eckhart as heretical.
- 1613 – The first English child born in Canada at Cuper's Cove, Newfoundland to Nicholas Guy.
- 1625 – Charles I becomes King of England, Scotland and Ireland as well as claiming the title King of France.
- 1814 – War of 1812: In central Alabama, U.S. forces under General Andrew Jackson defeat the Creek at the Battle of Horseshoe Bend.
- 1836 – Texas Revolution: Goliad massacre – Antonio López de Santa Anna orders the Mexican army to kill about 400 Texas POWs at Goliad, Texas.
- 1851 – First reported sighting of the Yosemite Valley by Europeans.
- 1854 – Crimean War: The United Kingdom declares war on Russia.
- 1871 – The first international rugby football match, when Scotland defeats England in Edinburgh at Raeburn Place.
- 1881 – Rioting takes place in Basingstoke in protest against the daily vociferous promotion of Teetotalism by the Salvation Army.
- 1884 – A mob in Cincinnati, Ohio, attacks members of a jury who had returned a verdict of manslaughter in a clear case of murder, and then over the next few days would riot and destroy the courthouse.
- 1910 – A fire during a barn-dance in Ököritófülpös, Hungary, kills 312.
- 1915 – Typhoid Mary, the first healthy carrier of disease ever identified in the United States, is put in quarantine, where she would remain for the rest of her life.
- 1945 – World War II: Operation Starvation, the aerial mining of Japan's ports and waterways begins. Argentina declares war on the Axis Powers.
- 1958 – Nikita Khrushchev becomes Premier of the Soviet Union.
- 1963 – Beeching Axe: Dr. Richard Beeching issues a report calling for huge cuts to the United Kingdom's rail network.
- 1977 – Tenerife airport disaster: Two Boeing 747 airliners collide on a foggy runway on Tenerife in the Canary Islands, killing 583 (all 248 on KLM and 335 on Pan Am). Sixty-one survived on the Pan Am flight. This is the worst aviation accident in history.
- 1986 – A car bomb explodes at Russell Street Police HQ in Melbourne, killing one police officer and injuring 21 people.
- 1993 – Italian former minister and Christian Democracy leader Giulio Andreotti is accused of mafia allegiance by the tribunal of Palermo.
- 1998 – The Food and Drug Administration approves Viagra for use as a treatment for male impotence, the first pill to be approved for this condition in the United States
- 2002 – Passover massacre: A Palestinian suicide bomber kills 29 people partaking of the Passover meal in Netanya, Israel.
- 2009 – A suicide bomber kills at least 48 at a mosque in the Khyber Agency of Pakistan.
- 972 – Robert II of France (d. 1031)
- 1712 – Claude Bourgelat, French surgeon (d. 1779)
- 1753 – Andrew Bell, Scottish priest, founded Madras College (d. 1832)
- 1802 – Félix-Jacques Moulin, French photographer (d. 1875)
- 1804 – Giacomo Panizza, Italian conductor and composer (d. 1860)
- 1845 – Wilhelm Röntgen, German physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1923)
- 1863 – Henry Royce, English engineer and businessman, founded Rolls-Royce Limited (d. 1933)
- 1898 – Maria Rasputin, Russian-American daughter of Grigori Rasputin (d. 1977)
- 1899 – Gloria Swanson, American actress, singer, and producer (d. 1983)
- 1901 – Carl Barks, American illustrator and screenwriter (d. 2000)
- 1912 – Robert Hughes, Scottish-Australian composer (d. 2007)
- 1937 – Alan Hawkshaw, English keyboard player and songwriter (The Shadows)
- 1942 – Michael York, English actor
- 1950 – Tony Banks, English guitarist and songwriter (Genesis)
- 1963 – Quentin Tarantino, American director, screenwriter, and producer
- 1970 – Leila Pahlavi, Iranian daughter of Mohammad Reza Pahlavi (d. 2001)
- 1971 – Matt Pegg, English bass player (Procol Harum)
- 1981 – Cacau, Brazilian-German footballer
- 1999 – Natasha Calis, Canadian actress
- 2004 – Butler Blue II, American dog (d. 2013)
- 710 – Rupert of Salzburg, Austrian saint (b. 660)
- 1555 – William Hunter, English martyr (b. 1535)
- 1572 – Girolamo Maggi, Italian scholar, jurist, and poet (b. 1523)
- 1918 – Henry Adams, American journalist, historian, and author (b. 1838)
- 1968 – Yuri Gagarin, Russian pilot and astronaut (b. 1934)
- 1972 – M. C. Escher, Dutch illustrator (b. 1898)
- 2000 – Ian Dury, English singer-songwriter and actor (The Blockheads) (b. 1942)