February 28, 2014 / 28 Adar I 5774 / Shabbat Shalom
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March 1, 2014 / 29 Adar I 5774 / Shavuah Tov
Mishenichnas Adar Marbim b'Simcha
- 537 – Siege of Rome: The Ostrogoth army under king Vitiges began the siege of the capital. Belisarius conducts a delaying action outside the Flaminian Gate; he and a detachment of his bucellarii are almost cut off.
- 1127 – Assassination of Charles the Good, Count of Flanders.
- 1484 – The College of Arms is formally incorporated by Royal Charter signed by King Richard III of England.
- 1498 – Vasco da Gama's fleet visits the Island of Mozambique.
- 1657 – Great Fire of Meireki: A fire in Edo (now Tokyo), Japan, caused more than 100,000 deaths; it lasted three days
- 1717 – The Loves of Mars and Venus is the first ballet performed in England.
- 1776 – American Revolutionary War: Patriot militia units arrest the Royal Governor of Georgia James Wright and attempt to prevent capture of supply ships in the Battle of the Rice Boats.
- 1791 – Long-distance communication speeds up with the unveiling of a semaphore machine in Paris.
- 1797 – The Bank of England issues the first one-pound and two-pound banknotes.
- 1807 – The U.S. Congress passes the Act Prohibiting Importation of Slaves, disallowing the importation of new slaves into the country.
- 1808 – The inaugural meeting of the Wernerian Natural History Society, a former Scottish learned society, is held in Edinburgh.
- 1825 – Roberto Cofresí, one of the last successful Caribbean pirates, is defeated in combat and captured by authorities.
- 1865 – East Cape War: The Volkner Incident in New Zealand.
- 1877 – U.S. presidential election, 1876: Just two days before inauguration, the U.S. Congress declares Rutherford B. Hayes the winner of the election even though Samuel J. Tilden had won the popular vote on November 7, 1876.
- 1882 – Queen Victoria narrowly escapes an assassination attempt by Roderick McLean in Windsor.
- 1885 – Sino-French War: French victory in the Battle of Hoa Moc near Tuyen Quang, northern Vietnam.
- 1933 – The film King Kong opens at New York's Radio City Music Hall.
- 1949 – Captain James Gallagher lands his B-50 Superfortress Lucky Lady II in Fort Worth, Texas after completing the first non-stop around-the-world airplane flight in 94 hours and one minute.
- 1955 – King Norodom Sihanouk of Cambodia abdicates the throne in favor of his father, King Norodom Suramarit.
- 1962 – Wilt Chamberlain sets the single-game scoring record in the National Basketball Association by scoring 100 points.
- 1965 – The US and South Vietnamese Air Force begin Operation Rolling Thunder, a sustained bombing campaign against North Vietnam.
- 1969 – In Toulouse, France, the first test flight of the Anglo-French Concorde is conducted.
- 1969 – Soviet and Chinese forces clash at a border outpost on the Ussuri River.
- 1972 – The Pioneer 10 space probe is launched from Cape Canaveral, Florida with a mission to explore the outer planets.
- 1978 – Czech Vladimír Remek becomes the first non-Russian or non-American to go into space, when he is launched aboard Soyuz 28.
- 1983 – Compact Discs and players are released for the first time in the United States and other markets. They had previously been available only in Japan.
- 1989 – Twelve European Community nations agree to ban the production of all chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) by the end of the century.
- 1990 – Nelson Mandela is elected deputy President of the African National Congress.
- 1991 – Battle at Rumaila Oil Field brings an end to the 1991 Gulf War.
- 1995 – Researchers at Fermilab announce the discovery of the top quark.
- 1998 – Data sent from the Galileo spacecraft indicates that Jupiter's moon Europa has a liquid ocean under a thick crust of ice.
- 2002 – U.S. invasion of Afghanistan: Operation Anaconda begins, (ending on March 19 after killing 500 Taliban and al Qaeda fighters, with 11 Western troop fatalities).
- 2004 – War in Iraq: Al-Qaeda carries out the Ashoura Massacre in Iraq, killing 170 and wounding over 500.
- 1409 – Jean II, Duke of Alençon (d. 1476)
- 1545 – Thomas Bodley, English diplomat and scholar, founded the Bodleian Library (d. 1613)
- 1755 – Antoine-Frédéric Gresnick, Belgian composer (d. 1799)
- 1793 – Sam Houston, American soldier and politician, 1st President of the Republic of Texas (d. 1863)
- 1842 – Carl Jacobsen, Danish brewer (d. 1914)
- 1900 – Kurt Weill, German-American composer (d. 1950)
- 1904 – Dr. Seuss, American author, poet, and illustrator (d. 1991)
- 1913 – Celedonio Romero, Spanish guitarist and songwriter (The Romeros) (d. 1996)
- 1931 – Mikhail Gorbachev, Soviet lawyer and politician, President of the Soviet Union, Nobel Prize laureate
- 1942 – Lou Reed, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, producer, and actor (The Velvet Underground and Metal Machine Trio) (d. 2013)
- 1948 – Jeff Kennett, Australian politician, 43rd Premier of Victoria
- 1950 – Karen Carpenter, American singer and drummer (The Carpenters) (d. 1983)
- 1955 – Jay Osmond, American singer and drummer (The Osmonds)
- 1997 – Babar Iqbal, Pakistani computer programmer
- 672 – Chad of Mercia, Anglo-Saxon abbot
- 1316 – Marjorie Bruce, Scottish daughter of Robert the Bruce (b. 1296)
- 1797 – Horace Walpole, English historian (b. 1717)
- 1930 – D. H. Lawrence, English author, poet, and playwright (b. 1885)
- 1939 – Howard Carter, English archaeologist (b. 1874)
- 1982 – Philip K. Dick, American author (b. 1928)
- 1987 – Randolph Scott, American actor and director (b. 1898)