… is from page 126 of David Freeman Hawke’s 1988 book Everyday Life in Early America; here Hawke is writing about the 17th century:
Peter H. Wood found little discrimination in early South Carolina. “Common hardships and the continuing shortage of hands,” he writes [in 1974], “put the different races, as well as separate sexes, upon a more equal footing than they would see in subsequent generations.” Many scholars now conclude that discrimination set in only during the last quarter of the century when a “series of court decisions and statutes began closing the gates of freedom along racial lines,” changes that finally became codified in Virginia’s slave code of 1705.
Other scholars who’ve contributed important research along these lines include Robert Higgs – especially his 1976 book Competition and Coercion: Blacks in the American Economy, 1865-1914 – and my former GMU Econ colleage Jennifer Roback-Morse.
Sovereign-state power and legislation can be very dangerous institutions.
Andrew Bolt – Monday, September 05, 11 (06:10 pm)
My tip for tomorrow’s Newspoll: Labor 43, Coalition 57.
Andrew Bolt – Monday, September 05, 11 (06:06 pm)
FORMER BHP Billiton chairman Don Argus has lashed the Gillard government over its “lazy” reform agenda on tax and industrial relations, warning that a failure to address Australia’s “woeful” productivity growth could ruin the economy.
Mr Argus, who chaired Labor’s mining tax panel, today described the government’s tax reform agenda as politically expedient, and accused it of a lack of consultation with industry in the lead-up to both the ill-fated resource super profits tax and the carbon tax.
Mr Argus referred to the labour and financial market reform undertaken by the Hawke-Keating government in the 1980s, and John Howard’s support for the GST, as examples of policy changes that took political courage.
But he said the Gillard government was wasting the benefits of the resources boom and risking the living standards of future generations by failing to address genuine reform....
“… I am concerned future generations of Australians will look back and lament that we did not make the most of what lies ahead of us.
“I fear they will look back with regret that our leaders opted for the most politically expedient outcomes, not those that were in the best long-term interests of the country.
“I worry that future generations of Australians will have to contend with the results of `lazy reform’.”
A LEADING employer group will today urge Labor to allow companies and workers to strike more flexible workplace deals, while releasing research showing strong business support for the return of individual contracts.
Heather Ridout, chief executive of the Australian Industry Group, said that the Gillard government’s system of individual flexibility arrangements should be overhauled as it had “promised so much but delivered so little”.
Andrew Bolt – Monday, September 05, 11 (05:59 pm)
Of course, I’d love the Left to trust me, too, so I’ll just have to work a lot harder. But I suspect that the more effectively an opinionista works, the more entrenched the opposition.
That’s my excuse, anyway.
(Thanks to reader harvett.)
Andrew Bolt – Monday, September 05, 11 (02:40 pm)
Essential Research has Labor slipping a point to 43 to 57 per cent, 2pp. It’s survey is divided in half, with half the polling done a week ago.
Tomorrow’s Newspoll will tell the full tale.
Andrew Bolt – Monday, September 05, 11 (07:11 am)
I’d have thought that the challenge is to put more emphasis on what unites us, not divides:
Students will be trained in “cultural competency” in the classroom as part of the federal government’s plan to boost support for multiculturalism and combat negative attitudes.
Thousands of teachers have been surveyed about how the policy is working and to uncover racism, under special research entitled “Rethinking Multiculturalism/Reassessing Multicultural Education”.
The government’s plan also involves 40 “People of Australia Ambassadors” to spruik the benefits of multiculturalism and a new offensive against racism.
(Thanks to reader the Great Waisuli.)
Andrew Bolt – Monday, September 05, 11 (06:52 am)
Amanda Vanstone says Bill Shorten lacks experience and would seem like a plotter rewarded. And so:
There are two obvious choices. One is Stephen Smith. He is capable, calm and despite extensive parliamentary experience he is still seen as a fresh face. He seems mentally strong and is softly spoken. The electorate could warm to all that as a very pleasant change.
He would need to loosen up a bit. Calmness is a good thing but we do like to see a different demeanour when you win the lottery from that which overtakes you when your dog dies.
The other choice is Simon Crean. Age and experience are invaluable when you are in a mess. Crean has gained his over a long haul with some hard knocks on the way. He has earned a fair deal of respect. He has got a bit of Bob Hawke about him. I know some former National Party people who thought he was a straight talker when he had responsibility for rural and regional affairs.
Because he is older and thus not planning to be there for another decade he has three other advantages. First, he would be less beholden to the wheeler-dealers. Second, it would allow the younger talent to be saved the scarring that will come with the job from now until the election. Third, the electorate would see him as a genuine team player rising to help the party (and the nation) in time of need. A good part of Gillard’s problem was that she was seen as a backstabbing opportunist…
Crean’s pitch should be that the electorate will not tolerate people who occupy the position of government but do not govern. They want age, experience and a much safer pair of hands.
Andrew Bolt – Monday, September 05, 11 (06:40 am)
Andrew Bolt – Monday, September 05, 11 (06:17 am)
How beautiful is this?
If Uluru symbolises the nation’s heart, the Finke must be its ancient artery. It is believed to have meandered from the confluence of the Davenport and Ormiston Creeks, just north of Glen Helen, for more than 300 million years. According to the Northern Territory Government, this makes the Finke the world’s oldest river following its original course. It says the Finke has followed its present course for about 100 million years but parts are believed to date back 340 million years, well before the time of dinosaurs.
Others disagree, but whatever: it’s old and as welcome as, well, water in a desert.
Andrew Bolt – Monday, September 05, 11 (06:01 am)
TONY Abbott has intensified pressure on the government to enter bipartisan negotiations to salvage its offshore refugee processing regime, dismissing Labor’s claims that legal advice has killed off the option of sending asylum-seekers to Nauru....
Immigration Minister Chris Bowen (yesterday released) legal advice from the commonwealth Solicitor-General suggesting the High Court decision had effectively killed offshore processing as a policy option for Australian governments....
Mr Abbott counterpunched, saying the advice did not rule out offshore processing at Nauru, but also offering to help Labor amend the Migration Act to overcome the High Court ruling.
Exploiting Labor’s need for support given the Greens trenchant opposition to offshore processing, Mr Abbott said he was prepared to dump his previous insistence that the government reintroduce the Howard government’s temporary protection visas. “TPVs are necessary to stop the boats, but we don’t want to restrict the government in any way in making absolutely crystal clear that third-country offshore processing can continue . . . we’re not saying they’ve got to reintroduce TPVs,” Mr Abbott said....
Earlier, Mr Bowen played down the prospect of dealing with Mr Abbott, telling the ABC’s Insiders: “So far the Liberal Party has said, ‘Look, we’re prepared to talk providing the result is Nauru, TPVs and turning the boats back’. Well, that’s not talking. That’s lecturing. If Mr Abbott says he wants to talk about legislative change, well, let him say that.”
Speaking after Mr Abbott’s offer, a spokesman for Mr Bowen said the government was still considering its options.
Labor got into this mess by scrapping the Pacific Solution out of sheer pride. Will pride stop it from accepting a way out?
If Professor Don Rothwell is right about last week’s High Court ruling, Abbott needs Labor to accept his offer now, because he’ll otherwise have trouble bringing in his own Nauru option in Government later:
The Solicitor-General’s legal advice sends some clear messages to the government. First, it makes clear that at this point offshore processing in Malaysia, as per the High Court’s decision, and in Nauru or Papua New Guinea, would not be legally permissible. ..
Second, for any form of offshore processing to take place in the future consistent with the Migration Act, a number of developments would need to take place. These would include acceptance by that other country of the Refugee Convention, implementation of domestic laws dealing with asylum claims and respect for human rights, and the development of effective practices and procedures for the assessment of such claims. The adoption of a legally binding treaty between Australia and the other country dealing with these offshore processing arrangements would also be desirable.
In addition, the minister would also need to give attention to his obligations towards unaccompanied minors under the Immigration (Guardianship of Children) Act. Declarations would need to be issued with respect to each child sent to another country for offshore processing.
If the government sees these processes as unworkable then it could seek to amend both the Migration Act and Guardianship Act, thereby circumventing the High Court’s ruling and creating softer, less strict, criteria on which a ministerial declaration could be issued… However, such amendments could be achieved only with the support of the Opposition.
THE legal advice from Solicitor-General Stephen Gageler is an intensely political document. Its logic sets the government up to abandon offshore processing of asylum-seekers while blaming it on the High Court.
Gageler’s message is that offshore processing, while legally possible, is now all too hard. It is fraught with uncertainty and, worst of all, could result in another legal challenge.
It is a logic that is perfectly suited for a government - and a Solicitor-General - who are gun-shy. They have just suffered their second thrashing at the hands of David Manne’s Refugee and Immigration Legal Centre and they do not want to make it three in a row. Gageler’s message needs to be seen in context. It is the work of a man whose earlier advice gave the government confidence in the viability of its Malaysia Solution.
The government has declined to make public his original advice, but it must be very different to the document released yesterday, which is clearly designed to turn a chaotic rout into an orderly retreat…
Just one page of the 22-page advice is devoted to future processing in Nauru. And despite the spin that is already emerging from the government, Gageler’s brief assessment does not go anywhere near ruling out Nauru as a centre for offshore processing.
Chris Bowen, May 2011:
Bowen: What we’ve said about people who arrive in Australia from last Saturday – and this is the situation again consistently from now on – is that anybody who arrives in Australia will not be processed in Australia and has no guarantee of resettlement in Australia. We’re in discussions not only with Malaysia; it’s well known we’re in discussions with Papua New Guinea, for example, and other countries across the region. Those discussions are at various stages but are all productive and fruitful.
So it’s very important that people realise if they’re in Indonesia or Malaysia thinking about taking the boat journey to Australia, put simply, they should not because they will not get the outcome they are seeking which is to be processed in Australia and resettled in Australia.
MORE than 300 asylum-seekers slated to be sent to Malaysia will be processed on Australian soilas the Gillard government tries to come up with a fresh plan to deal with unauthorised boat arrivals....
Immigration Minister Chris Bowen ended the uncertainty for the 335 asylum-seekers in limbo on Christmas Island after last week’s High Court ruling declaring the Malaysian Solution invalid.
“It’s necessary to assist these people and that’s what we’re going to be doing. Their processing will commence,” Mr Bowen told ABC Radio.
Andrew Bolt – Monday, September 05, 11 (12:09 am)
Andrew McIntyre on the pack attack on Michael Stutchbury: