July 8, 2014 / 10 Tammuz 5774
Received this from a friend? Subscribe .===
|Israel is Under Fire - Get the Latest News...Click HERE if images do not display.|
- 455 – The Roman military commander Avitus is proclaimed Emperor of the Western Roman Empire.
- 491 – Odoacer makes a night assault with his Heruli guardsmen, engaging Theoderic the Great in Ad Pinetam. Both sides suffer heavy losses, but in the end Theodoric forces Odoacer back into Ravenna.
- 660 – Battle of Hwangsanbeol: Korean forces under general Kim Yu-shin defeat the army of Baekje at Nonsan (South Korea).
- 1386 – The Old Swiss Confederacy makes great strides in establishing control over its territory by soundly defeating the Archduchy of Austria in the Battle of Sempach.
- 1540 – King Henry VIII of England annuls his marriage to his fourth wife, Anne of Cleves.
- 1572 – Nineteen Catholics suffer martyrdom for their beliefs in the Dutch town of Gorkum.
- 1755 – French and Indian War: Braddock Expedition – British troops and colonial militiamen are ambushed and suffer a devastating defeat by French and Native American forces.
- 1776 – George Washington orders the Declaration of Independence to be read out loud to members of the Continental Army in New York, New York, for the first time.
- 1790 – Russo-Swedish War: Second Battle of Svensksund – in the Baltic Sea, the Swedish Navy captures one third of the Russian fleet.
- 1793 – The Act Against Slavery is passed in Upper Canada and the importation of slaves into Lower Canada is prohibited.
- 1811 – Explorer David Thompson posts a sign at the confluence of the Columbia and Snake Rivers (in modern Washington state, US), claiming the land for the United Kingdom.
- 1815 – Charles Maurice de Talleyrand-Périgord becomes the first Prime Minister of France.
- 1816 – Argentina declares independence from Spain.
- 1850 – Persian prophet Báb is executed in Tabriz, Persia.
- 1850 – U.S. President Zachary Taylor dies and Millard Fillmore succeeds him as 13th President of the United States.
- 1868 – The 14th Amendment to the United States Constitution is ratified guaranteeing African Americans full citizenship and all persons in the United States due process of law.
- 1877 – The inaugural Wimbledon Championships begins.
- 1896 – William Jennings Bryan delivers his Cross of Gold speech advocating bimetallism at the 1896 Democratic National Convention in Chicago.
- 1900 – Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom gives Royal Assent to an Act creating Australia thus uniting separate colonies on the continent under one federal government.
- 1900 – Boxer Rebellion: The Governor of Shanxi province in North China orders the execution of 45 foreign Christian missionaries and local church members, including children.
- 1903 – Future Soviet dictator Joseph Stalin is exiled to Siberia for three years.
- 1922 – Johnny Weissmuller swims the 100 meters freestyle in 58.6 seconds breaking the world swimming record and the 'minute barrier'.
- 1943 – World War II: Operation Husky – Allied forces perform an amphibious invasion of Sicily.
- 1944 – World War II: Battle of Normandy – British and Canadian forces capture Caen, France.
- 1944 – World War II: Battle of Saipan – American forces take Saipan in the Mariana Islands.
- 1944 – World War II: Battle of Tali-Ihantala – Finland wins the Battle of Tali-Ihantala, the largest battle ever fought in northern Europe. The Red Army withdraws its troops from Ihantala and digs into a defensive position, thus ending the Vyborg–Petrozavodsk Offensive.
- 1955 – The Russell–Einstein Manifesto is released by Bertrand Russell in London, England, United Kingdom.
- 1958 – Lituya Bay is hit by a megatsunami. The wave is recorded at 524 meters high, the largest in recorded history.
- 1962 – Andy Warhol's Campbell's Soup Cans exhibition opens at the Ferus Gallery in Los Angeles.
- 1972 – The Troubles: In Belfast, British Army snipers shoot five civilians dead in the Springhill Massacre.
- 1979 – A car bomb destroys a Renault motor car owned by the famed "Nazi hunters" Serge and Beate Klarsfeld at their home in France. A note purportedly fromODESSA claims responsibility.
- 1981 – Donkey Kong, a video game created by Nintendo, is released. The game marks the debut of Nintendo's future mascot, Mario.
- 2008 – Iran conducts the Great Prophet III missile test and war games exercise.
- 2011 – South Sudan gains independence and secedes from Sudan.
- 1511 – Dorothea of Saxe-Lauenburg (d. 1571)
- 1764 – Ann Radcliffe, English author (d. 1823)
- 1800 – Friedrich Gustav Jakob Henle, German physician, pathologist, and anatomist (d. 1885)
- 1819 – Elias Howe, American inventor, invented the sewing machine (d. 1867)
- 1834 – Jan Neruda, Czech journalist and poet (d. 1891)
- 1901 – Barbara Cartland, English author (d. 2000)
- 1907 – Eddie Dean, American singer-songwriter and actor (d. 1999)
- 1918 – Nicolaas Govert de Bruijn, Dutch mathematician (d. 2012)
- 1927 – Ed Ames, American singer and actor (Ames Brothers)
- 1932 – Donald Rumsfeld, American captain and politician, 13th and 21st United States Secretary of Defense
- 1932 – Amitzur Shapira, Israeli runner (d. 1972)
- 1933 – Oliver Sacks, English-American neurologist and author
- 1938 – Brian Dennehy, American actor, director, and producer
- 1945 – Dean Koontz, American author
- 1946 – Bon Scott, Scottish-Australian singer-songwriter (AC/DC, Fraternity, The Valentines, and The Spektors) (d. 1980)
- 1947 – O. J. Simpson, American football player and actor
- 1949 – Jesse Duplantis, American minister and author
- 1956 – Tom Hanks, American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter
- 1957 – Tim Kring, American screenwriter and producer
- 1971 – Marc Andreessen, American software developer, co-founded Netscape
- 1976 – Fred Savage, American actor, director, and producer
- 1982 – Maggie Ma, Canadian actress
- 1987 – Amanda Knox, American murderer
- 1995 – Georgie Henley, English actress
- 518 – Anastasius I Dicorus, Byzantine emperor (b. 430)
- 1797 – Edmund Burke, Irish-English philosopher and politician (b. 1729)
- 1850 – Báb, Persian religious leader, founded Bábism (b. 1819)
- 1932 – King C. Gillette, American businessman, founded The Gillette Company (b. 1855)